Faith and religion play an extremely important role in the lives of so many people all around the world. During a very critical time in my life, I found Judaism, which helped me gain a greater understanding of the world and get more meaning out of life.
Jewish people believe in the Torah, which is the whole of the laws given to the Israelites at Sinai. They believe they must follow God’s laws which govern daily life. There are a three basic groups of Jewish people who each have a different understanding of the interpretation of the Torah. I have been practicing Orthodox Judaism, which adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah. Orthodox Jews believe that both the Torah and Oral Torah are authoritative and fixed regarding Jewish doctrine and observance. Conservative and Reform Jews have differing interpretations of the religion within a modern context.
There are Ten Commandments, written in the Torah, which help provide a look into many of the guiding principles of the religion. The commandments include:
First Commandment (Exodus 20:2): I am the Lord Your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Second Commandment (Exodus 20:3-6): You shall have no other gods beside Me. You shall not make for yourself any graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them, nor serve them, for I, the Lord Your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation.
Third Commandment (Exodus 20:7): You shall not take the name of the Lord Your God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.
Fourth Commandment (Exodus 20:8-11): Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord Your God, in it you shall not do any manner of work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your man-servant, nor your maid-servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day. Wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and made it holy.
Fifth Commandment (Exodus 20:12): Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord God gives you.
Sixth Commandment (Exodus 20:13): You shall not murder.
Seventh Commandment (Exodus 20:13): You shall not commit adultery.
Eighth Commandment (Exodus 20:13): You shall not steal.
Ninth Commandment (Exodus 20:13): You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Tenth Commandment (Exodus 20:14): You shall not covet your neighbor’s house, nor his wife, his man-servant, his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.